Review of the 2007-2013 programming period
The cohesion policy is defined in terms of 3 major objectives:
2007-2013 rural development programming:
- European strategic guidelines, which specify the synergies common to all member States. These European strategic guidelines emphasise the need to comply with the Lisbon and Gothenburg strategies, i.e. the development of an economy based on knowledge and innovation, in accordance with sustainable development principles.
- The Member State's national strategic plan. The national rural development strategy transposes the European strategic guidelines into the national context; it is common to the entire programme of a State. Developed in close collaboration with all institutional, professional and associative partners of the Ministry of agriculture and fisheries, the French national strategic plan has determined three objectives for the 2007-2013 rural development programming period:
- economic: for competitiveness and employment in all sectors;
- human: development for and with the local populations and stakeholders;
- environmental and territorial: for the sustainable management of the rural heritage, taking into account the specific characteristics of the territories.
- Rural development programmes. Once the national strategic plan has been created, measures must be selected from the list of those made available by the rural development regulation, i.e. what will actually be proposed to those involved in rural development. These schemes and the credits which will be allocated to them constitute the rural development programme for a given territory.
For the 2007-2013 period, France developed 6 rural development programmes (PDR):
- one for mainland France (metropolitan area with the exception of Corsica) called programme de development rural hexagonal (PDRH or France's rural development programme),
- one for Corsica,
- and one for each overseas department.
In all other French regions, a Regional rural development Document (DRDR) has been created: this reference document adapts the implementation of rural development aid to each territory.
Each of these programmes must contribute to the economic, social and environmental promotion of rural territories.
European Fisheries Fund
The European Fisheries Fund (EFF) was designed to ensure the sustainable development of the European fisheries and aquaculture sectors. This Fund helps the sector adapt and enhance the competitiveness of its fleet while encouraging the application of measures intended to protect and improve the environment.
The EFF also helps the fishing communities most affected by change to diversify their economic activities.
As part of a large-scale consultation with local authorities and the socio-economic fisheries and aquaculture sectors, the French authorities have developed two documents to facilitate its implementation:
- the national strategic plan (PSN)
- the operational programme (OP)